Archive for the ‘Azerbaijan’ Category

Dual standards in Armenia Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

shushaNagorno-Karabakh is a frozen ethnic conflict between the Republic of Armenia and Azerbaijan that started in the late 1980s, and which has been continuing up until now with the occupation of the Karabakh region and the 7 surrounding districts by the Armenian-backed Karabakh separatists. The conflict has its roots dating back to the early 20th century, yet the full escalation of tensions and bloody events took place in the early 1990s. The conflict is still governed by the separatist regime (breakaway government) of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic with full support of Armenia. The most dynamic phase of the conflict was 1988-1994. During this period, Azerbaijan has undergone a serious ethnic cleansing (around 10% of its population) and massacre along with the annexation of its territories by Armenia. A ceasefire agreement was signed in May 1994 with the mediation of Russia. Sporadic events and skirmishes have happened ever since the signing of the ceasefire agreement, however the conflict has never gone into an active phase. The USA, France and Russia several times came up with a road map to achieve a full settlement of the conflict, however, the problem still remains unresolved, where a fragile ceasefire is regularly violated and the 2 parties are technically at war. Read more »

Azerbaijan-EU relations within Eastern Partnership: new realities and current standing

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The Eastern Partnership program (EP) is a joint initiative involving the EU, its member states and 6 eastern European partners: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and  Ukraine and is based on commitment to the principles of international law and fundamental values – democracy, the rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms. It also encompasses support for a market economy, sustainable development and good governance. The EU is seeking to build a close relationship with Azerbaijan toward gradual economic integration and a deepening of political cooperation. The relations between the European Union and Azerbaijan go back to the early 90’s. Following the Partnership & Cooperation Agreement that entered into force in 1999 the EU engaged further with Azerbaijan through its European Neighborhood Policy in 2003. The final step of the relations between Azerbaijan and the EU was the Eastern Partnership program that was signed in May 2009. Read more »

AZERBAIJAN AT CROSS-ROADS: EUROPEAN UNION OR EURASIAN UNION

Razi Nurullayev, political scientist, founder and expert with the "REGION" International Analytical Center (RIAC)

Razi Nurullayev, political scientist, founder and expert with the “REGION” International Analytical Center (RIAC)

In January 2014, in the World Economic Forum in Davos, President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev stated that Azerbaijan was not going to sign the Association Agreement with the EU. “Today there’s no necessity for our country to choose between cooperation with EU and Customs Union. We have very active bilateral relations with the members of Customs Union. Our trade turnover is growing and in general the political contacts are at the high level. Some choices or alternatives were never in question for us. We cooperate with both Custom Union members and EU members”, – President Aliyev said.

In the light of recent military intervention of Russia in the Georgia and Ukraine, two countries that chose the path of Euro-integration, there are wide-spread fears that Azerbaijan may be the next target if the country signs the association agreement. Therefore, the government decided to sign non-binding and less comprehensive the Strategic Modernization Partnership. Read more »