Archive for November, 2016

What is needed for the sustainable resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict?

081414_0In April of this year, hundreds of soldiers and civils were killed in the deadliest four-day war between Armenia and Azerbaijan. This was the most deadliest since the ceasefire signed in 1994. The incident, which both side blamed each other in stirring, also showed that how “frozen” Nagorno-Karabakh conflict can escalate beyond control and bring both sides into full scale war in matter of days destabilizing whole South Caucasus region. The status-quo lasting for more than 20 years now increases tension between two countries threatening the region with military conflict and sustainable solution to the conflict should be found.

The military conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia broke out after ethnically Armenian population of the Nagorno-Karabakh, autonomous republic within borders of Azerbaijan, raised claims of unification with Armenia following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Raised tensions spiraled into full scale military conflict which resulted in around 30,000 deaths from both sides and over a million of refugees and displaced persons from Azerbaijan. Today, the Nagorno-Karabakh is self-proclaimed republic not recognized by any country including Armenia, while 22 years of peace talks yielded no results. Read more »

Tourism in Azerbaijan: Is an Arab tourist a threat to security?

banknews-az_2016-08-29_08-09-56Azerbaijan is an attractive country for foreign visitors with its natural charm and historic-cultural heritage. 9 out of 11 of the world’s climate zones are found in Azerbaijan where a unique architecture and culture, diversity, cuisine, nature, beach, attractions, hunting etc. add value to the tourism of the country. The climate of Azerbaijan also offers opportunities for summer and winter holidays. Given the dipping oil and gas prices which have been the major profits for the state budget for years, we can predict the government’s priority for further development of the tourism industry. The influx of foreign visitors has been on the rise particularly since 2011, and the number has reached 2.2 mln. Read more »

Dual standards in Armenia Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

shushaNagorno-Karabakh is a frozen ethnic conflict between the Republic of Armenia and Azerbaijan that started in the late 1980s, and which has been continuing up until now with the occupation of the Karabakh region and the 7 surrounding districts by the Armenian-backed Karabakh separatists. The conflict has its roots dating back to the early 20th century, yet the full escalation of tensions and bloody events took place in the early 1990s. The conflict is still governed by the separatist regime (breakaway government) of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic with full support of Armenia. The most dynamic phase of the conflict was 1988-1994. During this period, Azerbaijan has undergone a serious ethnic cleansing (around 10% of its population) and massacre along with the annexation of its territories by Armenia. A ceasefire agreement was signed in May 1994 with the mediation of Russia. Sporadic events and skirmishes have happened ever since the signing of the ceasefire agreement, however the conflict has never gone into an active phase. The USA, France and Russia several times came up with a road map to achieve a full settlement of the conflict, however, the problem still remains unresolved, where a fragile ceasefire is regularly violated and the 2 parties are technically at war. Read more »